Pollinators — including the beloved monarch butterfly — are in peril. Their numbers are plummeting due to a range of factors, and without healthy pollinator populations our plants, ecosystems, and food sources are threatened.


Pollinators are animals that move from plant to plant while searching for protein-rich pollen or high-energy nectar to eat. As they go, they are dusted by pollen and move it to the next flower, fertilizing the plant and allowing it to reproduce and form seeds, berries, fruits and other plant foods that form the foundation of the food chain for other species—including humans. Pollinators are themselves important food sources for other wildlife. Countless birds, mammals, reptiles and amphibians eat the protein and fat-rich eggs, larvae, or adult forms of pollinators, or feed them to their young. Pollinators play a critical role in the food supply for wildlife and people!

Carpenter Bee, Photo by Barb Dunlap
Bees are well-known pollinators, but over 100,000 invertebrates—including butterflies, moths, wasps, flies, and beetles—and over 1,000 mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians, act as pollinators.

Pollinators worldwide are in decline. Habitat loss, invasive species, parasites, and pesticides are largely to blame. But you can help!

To read more go to National Wildlife Federation: Pollinators

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